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For decades, the notion of living on Mars has been popular throughout science fiction books and movies. In recent years there has been a lot more talk about making a move to Mars a reality. From ensuring the survival of our species to demonstrating political and economic leadership, the reasons for moving to Mars are becoming more plausible. Elon Musk, Tesla and SpaceX founder, ensures that with advancements in rocket technology anyone will be able to move to Mars, and even beyond.

The motivation behind the creation of SpaceX as a sustainable way of transportation to begin to create and colonize a community on Mars. In recent news, SpaceX launched and landed the Falcon 9 Block 5, a reusable rocket.

Before this, rockets were only used once and then discarded. This is revolutionary rocket not only is able to save time and money but acts as a promise that it can be used as a possible mode of transportation.

In September of 2017, Elon Musk announced his plan to send the first rocket to Mars by the year 2022 with cargo. By 2024 he hopes that the rocket will be able to carry human passengers. In a recent question and answer session held by South by Southwest, Musk stated that the first rocket might be ready to make short trips as early as next year.

But why is there so much stress on getting humans to live on Mars? Elon Musk explains that it is the colonization of Mars which will save humanity. Musk explains that by moving humans to Mars, it protects and secures us while helping us to become a multiplanetary species.

However, in order to make life on Mars livable, we will have to terraform it, or in other words, re-engineer the entire planet to make it feel like Earth. One of the most significant issues that exist is the state of the atmosphere. The atmosphere does not only not contain oxygen, the very thing we need to survive, but omits high levels of radiation from cosmic rays. Constant exposure is extremely harmful and over time lead to cancer.

The atmosphere is not where the problems end. From how we grow food, to what clothes we wear, to how we build shelters are all challenges that we will have to face to make it possible for humans to live on Mars. Although Elon Musk rocket technology may be able to transport us to Mars in a few years, we still have a few kinks to work out before we can consider ourselves full fledge Martians.